2000 years before Christ in India and Mesopotamia
Travel has been an important feature of commerce since the beginning of civilization. The port of Lotal was an important center of commerce between the Indus Valley civilization and the Sumerian civilization.
600 BCE and after that
The earliest form of leisure tourism can be found in the Babylonian and Egyptian Empires. The Museum of Ancient Antiquities was open to the public in Babylon. Egyptians held many religious festivals that attracted pious worshipers and many people who traveled to cities to see famous works of art and buildings.
In India, as elsewhere, kings traveled to build an empire. Brahmins and ordinary people traveled for religious purposes. Thousands of Brahmins and ordinary people were excited to welcome Sarnat and Sarawast with a spotless smile on the enlightened Buddha.
500, Greek Civilization
Greek tourists traveled to places of healing gods. The Greeks also enjoyed their religious festivals, which became more and more often the pursuit of pleasure, and in particular sports. Athens has become an important destination for travelers who visit sights such as Parthenon. Large cities and seaside resorts have been set up to cater for the needs of travelers. Courtesans were the main entertainment offered.
This era also saw the birth of travel writing. Herodotus was the first travel writer in the world. The guides also appeared in the fourth century, which included directions such as Athens, Sparta, and Troy. It is also known during this time as the signposts leading to the resort.
With no external borders between England and Syria and safe seas of piracy due to Roman patrol service, favorable conditions for travel had arrived. First-class roads combined with stage platforms (modern motors precursors) contributed to the growth of travel. The Romans traveled to Sicily, Greece, Rhodes, Troy, and Egypt. BCE Since 300, the journey to the Holy Land has also become very popular. The Romans presented their itineraries, marking hotels with symbols to determine quality.
The second homes were built by wealthy people near Rome, who were mainly engaged in the social springtime. The most fashionable resorts are located in the vicinity of Naples Bay. Naples attracted retirees and intellectuals, Cume attracted fashion, while Baya attracted low-profile tourists, notable for his weakness, drunkenness, and nighttime singing.
Travel and tourism have never achieved such a status until modern times.
In the Middle Ages:
Travel travel became difficult and dangerous as people traveled with business or a sense of duty and responsibility.
The adventurers seek fame and fortune through travel. The Europeans tried to discover India by sea for commercial purposes, in this way they discovered America and explored parts of Africa. Walking players and miniatures made their living while traveling. Missionaries, saints, and others traveled to spread the word.
An entertaining journey in India introduced the mughals. The kings of Mughal were building magnificent palaces and magical gardens in natural and picturesque places of beauty (for example, ang memorandum traveled to Kashmir painted with its beauty).
The journey of empire-building and pilgrimage was a regular feature.
Since the beginning of the 17th century a new form of tourism has been developed as a direct result of the Renaissance. During the reign of Elizabeth I, young men seeking office in the court were encouraged to travel from continent to continent to complete their education. Later it became customary for the gentlemen to complete their education by the Grand Tour, accompanied by a tutor, and lasted three or more years. Educated, men seeking pleasure traveled to enjoy the life and culture of Paris, Venice, or Florence. The last custom of the 18th century had become institutionalized in the fog. Gradually, pleasure travel drove the educational journey away. The advent of the Napoleonic wars disrupted travel for nearly 30 years and led to the decline of the Grand Tour tradition.
Spas were growing in popularity in Britain in the seventh century, and a little later in the European continent, as awareness of the healing properties of mineral water increased. Taking the cure the status of the status symbol was quickly acquired in the officer. The resorts have changed in character as the fun has become a motive for visits. They have become an important center of public life for high society.
In the 19th century they were gradually replaced by a seaside resort.
Sun, sand and sea resorts
Sea water was linked to health benefits. So the earliest visitors drank it and didn't swim in it. In the early 18th century, small fishing resorts were created in England for visitors to drink and immerse in seawater. With the overcrowding of inland docks, new seaside resorts were growing in popularity. The introduction of steam services in the 19th century brought more resorts to the regions. The seaside resort has gradually become a social meeting point
The Role of the Industrial Revolution in Promoting Travel in the West
Due to industrialization, rapid urbanization led to mass immigration into cities. These people had to travel to escape places of natural beauty from the environment, often to the village where they had come from day-to-day shifts, from physically and psychologically stressful activities to the speed of village recreation.
Highlights of the 19th Century Travel:
· The arrival of the railway initially catalyzed a practical and later leisure journey. Gradually special trains were regulated only by way of leisure travel to their destinations.
· Package tours organized by entrepreneurs such as Thomas Cook.
· European countries have sent large numbers of trips to their colonies to buy raw materials and sell finished goods.
· The invention of photography has acted as a tool to improve status and promote overseas travel.
· Design of first hotel chains. are led by railway companies that have established large railway terminal hotels.
· Seaside resorts began to develop different images, such as day trips, elites, and games.
· Other destinations: ski resorts, hill stations, mountaineering places, etc.
· Steam technology advances travel between North America and Europe.
· The Suez Canal opened straight sea routes to India and the Far East.
The guide of worship was followed by the development of photography.
Twentieth Century Tourism
World War I gave the countries their first experience and for the first time aroused a sense of curiosity about international travel, for the first time in a non-matching segment. The large scale of migration to the US meant a lot of travel to the Atlantic. Private machinations began to encourage domestic travel to Europe and the West. The seaside resort has become an annual family vacation destination in Britain and has grown in popularity in other western countries. Hotels have multiplied in these destinations.
Birth of and after air travel
The wars increased interest in international travel. This interest was given to the form of mass tourism by the aviation industry. The surplus of airplanes and the growth of private airlines have contributed to the expansion of air transportation. The planes have become comfortable, faster and cheaper for overseas travel. By 1958, the introduction of the Boeing 707 had reached the age of mass air travel. The start of charter flights stimulated the package tour market and led to the establishment of organized mass tourism. The 400-seat Boeing 747 has dramatically reduced the cost of travel. The Mediterranean, North African and Caribbean seaside resorts were the starting points for mass tourism.
The corresponding growth of the hotel industry has led to the creation of global networks. Tourism has also begun to diversify as people in the 1970s began to flock to alternative destinations. Nepal and India received the majority of tourists tempted by the Napasta Krishna movement and transcendental meditation. The journey of personal travel with a significant volume occurred only in the 1980s. Air travel has also led to a continued increase in business travel, especially with the emergence of FoE.